Import and processing of the precursor of cytochrome P-450(SCC) by bovine adrenal cortex mitochondria

Tadashi Ogishima, Yoshiie Okada, Tsuneo Omura

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Isolated bovine adrenal cortex mitochondria imported in vitro synthesized pre-P-450(SCC) and processed it to the mature form. Partial radio-sequencing of the processed P-450(SCC) gave a result identical with that for authentic P-450(SCC). Rat liver mitochondria also imported pre-P-450(SCC) and processed it to the mature form, whereas bovine heart mitochondria were unable to import and process pre-P-450(SCC) although both mitochondrial preparations imported and processed pre-adrenodoxin. The pre-P-450(SCC) processing activity of bovine adrenal cortex mitochondria was associated with the matrix side surface of the inner membrane. The processing protease could be solubilized by sodium cholate and partially purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation. The partially purified processing protease cleaved pre-P-450(SCC) at the correct position. It was also active in processing pre-P-450(11β) but inactive toward pre-adrenodoxin. Bovine heart mitochondria lacked the processing activity to pre-P-450(SCC).The localization of pre-P-450(SCC) and mature P-450(SCC) in bovine adrenal cortex mitochondria was examined. Mature P-450(SCQ processed by the mitochondria was found associated with the matrix-side surface of the inner membrane, which is the correct location of P-450(SCC) in the cell. In the presence of o-phenanthroline, pre-P-450(SCC) was imported into the organelles without being processed and remained soluble in the matrix. The incorporation of newly processed mature P-450(SCC) into the inner membrane was also observed when pre-P-450(SCC) was incubated with inner membrane vesicles. Mature P-450(SCC) generated in vitro from pre-P-450(SCC) by the partially purified processing protease was incorporated not only into the inner membrane vesicles but also into bovine adrenal cortex microsomes. These findings suggested that the processing of pre-P-450(SCC) occurred prior to the incorporation of mature-P-450(SCC) into the inner membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-791
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume98
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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