Importance of early appropriate intervention including antibiotics and wound care for device-related infection in patients with left ventricular assist device

M. Hieda, M. Sata, O. Seguchi, M. Yanase, Y. Murata, T. Sato, H. Sunami, S. Nakajima, T. Watanabe, Y. Hori, K. Wada, H. Hata, T. Fujita, J. Kobayashi, T. Nakatani

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Abstract

Introduction A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is essential for treating patients with advanced heart failure. However, LVAD-related infection is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity, with bloodstream infection (BSI) especially associated with high mortality. We investigated the incidence of infectious complications in patients who received an LVAD and evaluated the effects of early and appropriate intervention for LVAD-related infection. Method We retrospectively reviewed 27 consecutive patients who underwent continuous-flow LVAD (CF-LVAD; n = 16) or pulsatile-flow LVAD (PF-LVAD; n = 11) implantation at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center between April 2011 and March 2013. Incidences of LVAD-related infections, such as drive-line infection in patients with CF-LVAD, cannula infection in patients with PF-LVAD, and BSI in patients with both types, were examined (follow-up period, 342 ± 229 days). The mandatory antibiotic prophylaxis protocol at our institution includes teicoplanin (400 mg) 2 days before LVAD implantation and doripenem (1000 mg) within 1 hour of skin incision. In addition, the driveline exit sites undergo sterile cleansing with diluted hydrogen peroxide and placement of an antimicrobial occlusive dressing for wound care, with dressing changes performed 2-3 times per day. Results More than 90% of all patients suffered from a drive-line infection within 12 months after LVAD implantation. However, BSI developed in only 12.5% of CF-LVAD and 10% of PF-LVAD patients within 12 months (log-rank test; P =.875). Conclusions LVAD-related infections, such as drive-line and cannula infections, were common, whereas the incidence of BSI was low in our LVAD-implanted patients. Our results highlight the importance of early and appropriate intervention including antibiotics and wound care for device-related infections for reducing the incidence of potentially fatal BSI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-910
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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    Hieda, M., Sata, M., Seguchi, O., Yanase, M., Murata, Y., Sato, T., Sunami, H., Nakajima, S., Watanabe, T., Hori, Y., Wada, K., Hata, H., Fujita, T., Kobayashi, J., & Nakatani, T. (2014). Importance of early appropriate intervention including antibiotics and wound care for device-related infection in patients with left ventricular assist device. Transplantation Proceedings, 46(3), 907-910. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2013.11.106