Importance of residues carboxyl terminal relative to the cleavage site in substrates of mitochondrial processing peptidase for their specific recognition and cleavage

Myeong Cheol Song, Tadashi Ogishima, Akio Ito

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously identified distal and proximal arginine residues in the N-terminal portion and an aromatic amino acid at position 1 (P1' site3) relative to the cleavage site as important recognition signals in substrates of mitochondrial processing peptidase. To further elucidate the elements required for the specific recognition and cleavage by the enzyme, we synthesized synthetic peptides that possessed only the distal and proximal arginine residues and phenylalanine at the P1' site in a poly alanine sequence, and analyzed the processing reaction toward them. They were not cleaved by the peptidase although they inhibited the peptidase activity. However, when serine was introduced into the C-terminal portions of the sequence, processing was observed. The efficiency of the resultant peptides improved as the number of serine residues was increased. A peptide with serine or histidine at P2' and threonine at P3' was processed most efficiently. These results indicate that the processing reaction catalyzed by the peptidase depends not only on the N-terminal portion but also on the C-terminal portion from the cleavage site in the substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1049
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume124
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998

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Serine
Peptide Hydrolases
Peptides
Arginine
Substrates
Processing
Aromatic Amino Acids
Threonine
Phenylalanine
Histidine
Alanine
Enzymes
mitochondrial processing peptidase

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "We previously identified distal and proximal arginine residues in the N-terminal portion and an aromatic amino acid at position 1 (P1' site3) relative to the cleavage site as important recognition signals in substrates of mitochondrial processing peptidase. To further elucidate the elements required for the specific recognition and cleavage by the enzyme, we synthesized synthetic peptides that possessed only the distal and proximal arginine residues and phenylalanine at the P1' site in a poly alanine sequence, and analyzed the processing reaction toward them. They were not cleaved by the peptidase although they inhibited the peptidase activity. However, when serine was introduced into the C-terminal portions of the sequence, processing was observed. The efficiency of the resultant peptides improved as the number of serine residues was increased. A peptide with serine or histidine at P2' and threonine at P3' was processed most efficiently. These results indicate that the processing reaction catalyzed by the peptidase depends not only on the N-terminal portion but also on the C-terminal portion from the cleavage site in the substrates.",
author = "Song, {Myeong Cheol} and Tadashi Ogishima and Akio Ito",
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T1 - Importance of residues carboxyl terminal relative to the cleavage site in substrates of mitochondrial processing peptidase for their specific recognition and cleavage

AU - Song, Myeong Cheol

AU - Ogishima, Tadashi

AU - Ito, Akio

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N2 - We previously identified distal and proximal arginine residues in the N-terminal portion and an aromatic amino acid at position 1 (P1' site3) relative to the cleavage site as important recognition signals in substrates of mitochondrial processing peptidase. To further elucidate the elements required for the specific recognition and cleavage by the enzyme, we synthesized synthetic peptides that possessed only the distal and proximal arginine residues and phenylalanine at the P1' site in a poly alanine sequence, and analyzed the processing reaction toward them. They were not cleaved by the peptidase although they inhibited the peptidase activity. However, when serine was introduced into the C-terminal portions of the sequence, processing was observed. The efficiency of the resultant peptides improved as the number of serine residues was increased. A peptide with serine or histidine at P2' and threonine at P3' was processed most efficiently. These results indicate that the processing reaction catalyzed by the peptidase depends not only on the N-terminal portion but also on the C-terminal portion from the cleavage site in the substrates.

AB - We previously identified distal and proximal arginine residues in the N-terminal portion and an aromatic amino acid at position 1 (P1' site3) relative to the cleavage site as important recognition signals in substrates of mitochondrial processing peptidase. To further elucidate the elements required for the specific recognition and cleavage by the enzyme, we synthesized synthetic peptides that possessed only the distal and proximal arginine residues and phenylalanine at the P1' site in a poly alanine sequence, and analyzed the processing reaction toward them. They were not cleaved by the peptidase although they inhibited the peptidase activity. However, when serine was introduced into the C-terminal portions of the sequence, processing was observed. The efficiency of the resultant peptides improved as the number of serine residues was increased. A peptide with serine or histidine at P2' and threonine at P3' was processed most efficiently. These results indicate that the processing reaction catalyzed by the peptidase depends not only on the N-terminal portion but also on the C-terminal portion from the cleavage site in the substrates.

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