Importance of ZnTiO3 Phase in ZnTi-Mixed Metal Oxide Photocatalysts Derived from Layered Double Hydroxide

Chitiphon Chuaicham, Sekar Karthikeyan, Jun Tae Song, Tatsumi Ishihara, Bunsho Ohtani, Keiko Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, ZnTi-mixed metal oxides (ZTM), such as ZnTiO3, were synthesized from ZnTi layered double hydroxides by varying the molar ratio of Zn/Ti, calcination temperatures, and synthesis methods (hydrothermal or reflux). The surface electronic characteristics of ZTM were investigated by the energy-resolved distribution of electron traps (ERDTs) using reversed double-beam photoacoustic spectroscopy. The ZTM samples obtained by conducting hydrothermal synthesis at 500 °C showed similar ERDT patterns independent of the molar ratio of Zn/Ti, although ZnTiO3 phase was not observed in the X-ray diffraction pattern, when the Zn/Ti ratio was high. When the ERDT patterns demonstrated a high electron accumulation level near the conduction band bottom in hydrothermal products at 500 °C, a higher photocatalytic phenol degradation efficiency was observed due to the formation of ZnTiO3 phase. This suggested that the product with the high Zn/Ti molar ratio (Zn/Ti = 6) constituted amorphous ZnTiO3.The enhanced photocatalytic performance of ZTM could be attributed to the heterojunction of electrons among ZnO, TiO2, and ZnTiO3, which enabled electron transfer in the composites, prevented charge recombination, and promoted a wider visible light adsorption by ZnTiO3 phase irrespective of its crystallinity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9169-9180
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Feb 26 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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