Highly sensitive detection of small peptides at the pM level was achieved by liquid chromatography-multiple reaction monitoring-tandem mass spectrometry (LCMRM- MS/MS) in combination with the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonate (TNBS) conversion technique. Six di-peptides having Tyr at the C-terminal (i.e., Gly-Tyr, Val-Tyr, Met-Tyr, Glu-Tyr, Lys-Tyr and His-Tyr) were subjected to the TNBS-MRM analysis in this study. The TNBS conversion conditions of pH 8.0, 30 °C and 60- min incubation enabled the di-peptides to be successfully converted to a trinitrophenyl (TNP) form with the mass increment of +212 Da. The proposed TNBS-MRM method enabled di-peptide detection that was highly improved by a factor of 3-55 in signal-to-noise ratio due to increased hydrophobicity by the induced TNP moiety. The method also permitted highly sensitive detection of di-peptides with a detection limit of >54 pM (>1:35 fmol/injection), achieving high reproducibility (<5%coefficient of variation) and rapidity (<30 min) by LC-MRM-MS/MS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry