The effects of a titanium (Ti) layer, which was deposited by direct current magnetron sputtering and treated with acid, on a nanocrystalline TiO 2 photoelectrode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were investigated. Dipping in the hydrochloric acid solution for various times followed by sintering resulted in a change in surface morphology, which affected the photovoltaic performance of DSSCs. Post-treatment under the appropriate conditions resulted in the formation of uniformly dispersed surface aggregates with concomitant increase in dye absorption, which led to the enhancement of short circuit current density. The optimal acid processing time was 5 min for Type 1, whose efficiency was 6.91%. The effects of the added Ti layer were examined using a range of techniques.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry