The sensitivity of a CuOBaTiO3 capacitive-type CO2 sensor has been enhanced by the addition of metal or metal oxides except for Au, Fe2O3, CeO2 and Rh, whereas the operating temperature shifts slightly to a higher temperature and the response time is prolonged. In particular, the change in capacitance caused by CO2 is markedly enlarged by the addition of ZnO, Bi2O3, SrO and Ag. Among these additives, silver is the most suitable from the viewpoints of sensitivity and operating temperature. The CuOBaTiO3 plus Ag sensor can detect CO2 over four orders of magnitude of concentration from capacitance measurement. Furthermore, the positive effects of Ag addition on sensitivity are obtained only for CO2 and CO. Therefore, CuOBaTiO3 sensors exhibit extremely high selectivity to CO2 detection in spite of the chemical stability of CO2. The improved sensitivity due to Ag addition is reproducible and exhibits almost constant sensitivity to 5000 ppm CO2 over a period of 30 days.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry