Improvement in anodic activity of Ni by Fe addition for intermediate temperature SOFC using LaGaO3 electrolyte

Masashi Shinagawa, Tatsumi Ishihara, Kawakami Akira, Hiroyasu Nismguchi, Yusaku Takita

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Effects of various additives to Ni anode on SOFC using La 0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3 based oxide electrolyte were investigated in this study for increasing the surface activity. Among the examined additives, it was found that the addition of small amount of Fe is highly effective for increasing the anodic activity. When 5 wt% Fe was added to Ni anode, the anodic overpotential was as small as 34 mV at 873 K, 0.1 A/cm2, which is almost half of pure Ni anode. Since the estimated activation energy for anodic reaction decreased, addition of Fe to Ni seems to be effective for increasing the activity of Ni for anodic reaction. XRD measurement after power generation measurement suggests that added Fe formed alloy with Ni. Addition of third element to Ni-Fe bimetallic anode was also studied and it was found that addition of small amount of Pt is effective for further increasing the activity of Ni anode. Consequently, this study reveals that Ni-Fe-Pt is highly active for anodic reaction of SOFCs at decreased temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages1331-1340
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005
Event9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX - Quebec, Canada
Duration: May 15 2005May 20 2005

Other

Other9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX
CountryCanada
CityQuebec
Period5/15/055/20/05

Fingerprint

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Anodes
Electrolytes
Temperature
Addition reactions
Power generation
Activation energy
Oxides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Shinagawa, M., Ishihara, T., Akira, K., Nismguchi, H., & Takita, Y. (2005). Improvement in anodic activity of Ni by Fe addition for intermediate temperature SOFC using LaGaO3 electrolyte. 1331-1340. Paper presented at 9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX, Quebec, Canada.

Improvement in anodic activity of Ni by Fe addition for intermediate temperature SOFC using LaGaO3 electrolyte. / Shinagawa, Masashi; Ishihara, Tatsumi; Akira, Kawakami; Nismguchi, Hiroyasu; Takita, Yusaku.

2005. 1331-1340 Paper presented at 9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX, Quebec, Canada.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Shinagawa, M, Ishihara, T, Akira, K, Nismguchi, H & Takita, Y 2005, 'Improvement in anodic activity of Ni by Fe addition for intermediate temperature SOFC using LaGaO3 electrolyte' Paper presented at 9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX, Quebec, Canada, 5/15/05 - 5/20/05, pp. 1331-1340.
Shinagawa M, Ishihara T, Akira K, Nismguchi H, Takita Y. Improvement in anodic activity of Ni by Fe addition for intermediate temperature SOFC using LaGaO3 electrolyte. 2005. Paper presented at 9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX, Quebec, Canada.
Shinagawa, Masashi ; Ishihara, Tatsumi ; Akira, Kawakami ; Nismguchi, Hiroyasu ; Takita, Yusaku. / Improvement in anodic activity of Ni by Fe addition for intermediate temperature SOFC using LaGaO3 electrolyte. Paper presented at 9th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC IX, Quebec, Canada.10 p.
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AU - Shinagawa, Masashi

AU - Ishihara, Tatsumi

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AU - Nismguchi, Hiroyasu

AU - Takita, Yusaku

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N2 - Effects of various additives to Ni anode on SOFC using La 0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3 based oxide electrolyte were investigated in this study for increasing the surface activity. Among the examined additives, it was found that the addition of small amount of Fe is highly effective for increasing the anodic activity. When 5 wt% Fe was added to Ni anode, the anodic overpotential was as small as 34 mV at 873 K, 0.1 A/cm2, which is almost half of pure Ni anode. Since the estimated activation energy for anodic reaction decreased, addition of Fe to Ni seems to be effective for increasing the activity of Ni for anodic reaction. XRD measurement after power generation measurement suggests that added Fe formed alloy with Ni. Addition of third element to Ni-Fe bimetallic anode was also studied and it was found that addition of small amount of Pt is effective for further increasing the activity of Ni anode. Consequently, this study reveals that Ni-Fe-Pt is highly active for anodic reaction of SOFCs at decreased temperatures.

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