Improvement of cell performance in catalyst layers with silica-coated Pt/carbon catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Kayoung Park, Tomohiro Ohnishi, Masaki Goto, Magnus So, Sakae Takenaka, Yoshifumi Tsuge, Gen Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Carbon-supported Pt catalysts (Pt/Cs) for use of cathode catalyst layers (CLs) for PEFCs were covered with silica layers in order to improve performance. CLs with low ratio of ionomer to carbon (I/C) for Pt/C and silica-coated Pt/C were fabricated using an inkjet printing (denoted as Pt/C(IJ) and SiO2-Pt/C(IJ)) to reduce oxygen diffusion resistance. Compared to Pt/C(IJ), SiO2-Pt/C(IJ) ink maintained good dispersion and high stability under the lower I/C. The performance of SiO2-Pt/C(IJ) was significantly higher than Pt/C(IJ) at 0.6 V under all humidity conditions. In particular, the performance of SiO2-Pt/C(IJ) under low humidity conditions showed noticeable improvement regardless of current density area. From FIB-SEM, it was confirmed that the morphologies and porosities of both catalysts were the same. Thus, these results indicate that oxygen diffusion resistance, related to structure of CLs, hardly affects the performance, whereas improved performance is attributed to increased proton conductivity by silica layers containing hydrophilic groups.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

fuel cells
Fuel cells
Electrolytes
Silica
electrolytes
silicon dioxide
catalysts
Catalysts
Carbon
carbon
polymers
Polymers
cells
Atmospheric humidity
humidity
Oxygen
Proton conductivity
Ionomers
Catalyst supports
Ink

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Improvement of cell performance in catalyst layers with silica-coated Pt/carbon catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells. / Park, Kayoung; Ohnishi, Tomohiro; Goto, Masaki; So, Magnus; Takenaka, Sakae; Tsuge, Yoshifumi; Inoue, Gen.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Takenaka, Sakae

AU - Tsuge, Yoshifumi

AU - Inoue, Gen

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