Equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was attempted at room temperature to refine grain sizes of six different commercial Al alloys, 1100, 2024, 3004, 5083, 6061 and 7075. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that submicrometer grain sizes are attained in these alloys. Tensile tests at room temperature showed that the strength increases with an increase in the number of pressings but the elongation to failure remains little changed following a large decrease after the first pressing. Static annealing experiments demonstrated that the extensive grain growth occurs above ∼200°C in 1100, 3004, 5083 and 6061 but the submicrometer-grained structures are stable in 2024 and 7075 even at 300°C. It was confirmed that the Hall-Petch relationship holds for the ECA-pressed alloys. The effect of sample size was further examined and the applied load was measured during ECAP for the possibility of scaling-up the process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Computer Science Applications
- Metals and Alloys
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering