Improvement of regression rate and combustion efficiency of high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel of hybrid rockets with multi-section swirl injection method

Y. Hirata, S. Aso, T. Hayashida, R. Nakawatase, Y. Tani, K. Morishita, T. Shimada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to improve fuel regression rate of hybrid rockets, a new method with multisection swirl injection is proposed. The new method is to introduce swirling flow through multi-section swirl injector ports, which are placed at several locations along the fuel grain. The key point of the method is to generate swirling flow in the cavity of the fuel grain and provide oxidizer at several cross-sections. In the present study four injector ports are located at four cross-sections along the axis of the fuel grain. At each cross-section of the fuel grain four injector ports are located at every 90 degrees with deflected angle where injected oxidizer causes swirl at a cross-section in the fuel grain cavity. The method is applied for high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel (FT-0070) with pressurized gaseous oxygen. The results show the average regression rate of the proposed method is about 2 - 3 times with high density polyethylene fuel and 10 times with paraffin fuel compared with that of the conventional no-swirl injection method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2011
Event47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jul 31 2011Aug 3 2011

Publication series

Name47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011

Other

Other47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period7/31/118/3/11

Fingerprint

High density polyethylenes
Rockets
Paraffins
Swirling flow
Oxygen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Hirata, Y., Aso, S., Hayashida, T., Nakawatase, R., Tani, Y., Morishita, K., & Shimada, T. (2011). Improvement of regression rate and combustion efficiency of high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel of hybrid rockets with multi-section swirl injection method. In 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011 (47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011).

Improvement of regression rate and combustion efficiency of high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel of hybrid rockets with multi-section swirl injection method. / Hirata, Y.; Aso, S.; Hayashida, T.; Nakawatase, R.; Tani, Y.; Morishita, K.; Shimada, T.

47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011. 2011. (47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hirata, Y, Aso, S, Hayashida, T, Nakawatase, R, Tani, Y, Morishita, K & Shimada, T 2011, Improvement of regression rate and combustion efficiency of high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel of hybrid rockets with multi-section swirl injection method. in 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011. 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011, 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011, San Diego, CA, United States, 7/31/11.
Hirata Y, Aso S, Hayashida T, Nakawatase R, Tani Y, Morishita K et al. Improvement of regression rate and combustion efficiency of high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel of hybrid rockets with multi-section swirl injection method. In 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011. 2011. (47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011).
Hirata, Y. ; Aso, S. ; Hayashida, T. ; Nakawatase, R. ; Tani, Y. ; Morishita, K. ; Shimada, T. / Improvement of regression rate and combustion efficiency of high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel of hybrid rockets with multi-section swirl injection method. 47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011. 2011. (47th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2011).
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abstract = "In order to improve fuel regression rate of hybrid rockets, a new method with multisection swirl injection is proposed. The new method is to introduce swirling flow through multi-section swirl injector ports, which are placed at several locations along the fuel grain. The key point of the method is to generate swirling flow in the cavity of the fuel grain and provide oxidizer at several cross-sections. In the present study four injector ports are located at four cross-sections along the axis of the fuel grain. At each cross-section of the fuel grain four injector ports are located at every 90 degrees with deflected angle where injected oxidizer causes swirl at a cross-section in the fuel grain cavity. The method is applied for high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel (FT-0070) with pressurized gaseous oxygen. The results show the average regression rate of the proposed method is about 2 - 3 times with high density polyethylene fuel and 10 times with paraffin fuel compared with that of the conventional no-swirl injection method.",
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AU - Tani, Y.

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AU - Shimada, T.

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N2 - In order to improve fuel regression rate of hybrid rockets, a new method with multisection swirl injection is proposed. The new method is to introduce swirling flow through multi-section swirl injector ports, which are placed at several locations along the fuel grain. The key point of the method is to generate swirling flow in the cavity of the fuel grain and provide oxidizer at several cross-sections. In the present study four injector ports are located at four cross-sections along the axis of the fuel grain. At each cross-section of the fuel grain four injector ports are located at every 90 degrees with deflected angle where injected oxidizer causes swirl at a cross-section in the fuel grain cavity. The method is applied for high density polyethylene fuel and paraffin fuel (FT-0070) with pressurized gaseous oxygen. The results show the average regression rate of the proposed method is about 2 - 3 times with high density polyethylene fuel and 10 times with paraffin fuel compared with that of the conventional no-swirl injection method.

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