Improvement of solid oxide fuel cell by imprinted micropatterns on electrolyte

Yang Xu, Fujio Tsumori, Toshiko Osada, Hideshi Miura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study is presented of an improved interfacial structure between the electrode and electrolyte of a solid oxide fuel cell. An imprint process, which is considered as a powerful tool to transcribe nano to micropatterns on materials, was employed to imprint fine patterns onto a ceramic sheet of electrolyte. In the presented work, a sheet of ceramic compound material was prepared, and micropatterns were imprinted on its surface. After debinding and sintering, a dense ceramic sheet with fine micropatterns was obtained. To investigate the effect of micropatterns on the overall performance of a fuel cell, three kinds of electrolyte sheets with different surface patterns were employed for this technique. After applying anode and cathode layers, the three fuel cell samples were assembled to test the cell performance. The result was that the finer pattern caused better performance in the three samples by exhibiting the highest overall voltage and power density, and the effective factors of patterns on ion conductivity were discussed as well. Based on the investigation, some further improved three-dimensional microstructures were proposed and fabricated by the method of micro powder imprinting (PI).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-574
Number of pages4
JournalMicro and Nano Letters
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 11 2013

Fingerprint

solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Electrolytes
electrolytes
Fuel cells
ceramics
fuel cells
Powders
Anodes
Cathodes
Sintering
Ions
radiant flux density
high voltages
sintering
Microstructure
Electrodes
anodes
cathodes
Electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Improvement of solid oxide fuel cell by imprinted micropatterns on electrolyte. / Xu, Yang; Tsumori, Fujio; Osada, Toshiko; Miura, Hideshi.

In: Micro and Nano Letters, Vol. 8, No. 10, 11.11.2013, p. 571-574.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xu, Yang ; Tsumori, Fujio ; Osada, Toshiko ; Miura, Hideshi. / Improvement of solid oxide fuel cell by imprinted micropatterns on electrolyte. In: Micro and Nano Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 10. pp. 571-574.
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