A new Cellular Automata traffic model based on Revised S-NFS model was established, which considers traffic density ahead of a car in next 50 [m] and also accounts for a decision making process of whether a lane change should be tried or not so as to diminish the frequency of meaningless lane-changes. It intends to be applied as one of the protocols to improve traffic efficiency in premise with Intelligence Traffic System (ITS) that is able to provide information on traffic density next hundred meters in front of a focal vehicle. A series of systematic simulations reveals that the presented lane changing protocol enhances traffic flux vis-à-vis the conventional lane change rule based on the traditional incentive criterion and safe criterion. Social dilemma analysis suggests our new protocol mitigates a strong social dilemma encouraged by a competition between a cooperator; not intending any lane-changes and a defector; trying to lane-changes to minimize his own travel time.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Applied Mathematics