In dye-sensitized solar cells, nanoporous structure of TiO2 is very important for efficient cell because lots of dye molecules are adsorbable and they are the source of the photocurrent. However, the internal impedance of TiO2 is relatively large and it limits the performance. For better performance, vanadium was doped into TiO2 in this work. Doping different material generally improves the characteristics and functions of original materials. Vanadium doping has some advantages such as the reduction of internal resistance, the improvement of chemical stability and high absorption. Especially, reduced internal resistance is so helpful for better electron transfer in TiO2 network. Various amounts of vanadium were applied and photovoltaic performance, internal impedance and absorbance were measured in order to verify the effect of vanadium doping. As a result, vanadium doping improved the overall performance from 6.01 to 6.81% with decreased internal resistance although adsorbed dye amount was reduced by decreased surface area and open circuit voltage was also decreased by the change of band-gap energy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)