Improving insulin sensitivity via activation of PPAR-γ increases telomerase activity in the heart of OLETF rats

Naoki Makino, Toyoki Maeda, Jun Ichi Oyama, Yoshihiro Higuchi, Koshi Mimori

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Abstract

This study was conducted to examine telomere biology in terms of improving insulin sensitivity in a type 2 diabetic animal model: Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats. To improve insulin sensitivity, pioglitazone (PG; 10 mg•kg-1•day-1) was administrated to OLETF rats from 20 to 40 wk of age, and the effects of treatment were compared with those in untreated OLETF or control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka fatty rats. At the end of the study, the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance significantly increased in OLETF rats but decreased in OLETF rats treated with PG. No shortening of telomere length was observed in the heart tissue of OLETF rats, whereas telomerase activity was decreased in OLETF heart tissue. The mRNA expression of both telomerase reverse transcriptase and telomere repeat binding factor 2 was downregulated in the hearts of OLETF rats. The protein expression of phospho-Akt, insulin-like growth factor, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase was reduced in OLETF rats. On the other hand, myocardial matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression was elevated in OLETF rats. The changes observed in OLETF rats were inhibited by PG treatment. However, protein and mRNA expression of Sirt1, a lifespan modulator, were attenuated in OLETF rat hearts, although they were enhanced in OLETF rats with PG treatement. Myocardial fibrosis was less extensive and diastolic dysfunction more greatly ameliorated in PG-treated OLETF rats than in OLETF rats. These findings suggest that improving insulin sensitivity via the activation of peroxisom proliferator-activated receptor-γ may exert regulatory effects on cardiac telomere biology and may have desirable morphological and functional effects on the diabetic heart.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume297
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2009

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Inbred OLETF Rats
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
Telomerase
Insulin Resistance
pioglitazone
Telomere
Telomere-Binding Proteins
Telomere Shortening
Messenger RNA
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
Somatomedins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Improving insulin sensitivity via activation of PPAR-γ increases telomerase activity in the heart of OLETF rats",
abstract = "This study was conducted to examine telomere biology in terms of improving insulin sensitivity in a type 2 diabetic animal model: Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats. To improve insulin sensitivity, pioglitazone (PG; 10 mg•kg-1•day-1) was administrated to OLETF rats from 20 to 40 wk of age, and the effects of treatment were compared with those in untreated OLETF or control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka fatty rats. At the end of the study, the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance significantly increased in OLETF rats but decreased in OLETF rats treated with PG. No shortening of telomere length was observed in the heart tissue of OLETF rats, whereas telomerase activity was decreased in OLETF heart tissue. The mRNA expression of both telomerase reverse transcriptase and telomere repeat binding factor 2 was downregulated in the hearts of OLETF rats. The protein expression of phospho-Akt, insulin-like growth factor, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase was reduced in OLETF rats. On the other hand, myocardial matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression was elevated in OLETF rats. The changes observed in OLETF rats were inhibited by PG treatment. However, protein and mRNA expression of Sirt1, a lifespan modulator, were attenuated in OLETF rat hearts, although they were enhanced in OLETF rats with PG treatement. Myocardial fibrosis was less extensive and diastolic dysfunction more greatly ameliorated in PG-treated OLETF rats than in OLETF rats. These findings suggest that improving insulin sensitivity via the activation of peroxisom proliferator-activated receptor-γ may exert regulatory effects on cardiac telomere biology and may have desirable morphological and functional effects on the diabetic heart.",
author = "Naoki Makino and Toyoki Maeda and Oyama, {Jun Ichi} and Yoshihiro Higuchi and Koshi Mimori",
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T1 - Improving insulin sensitivity via activation of PPAR-γ increases telomerase activity in the heart of OLETF rats

AU - Makino, Naoki

AU - Maeda, Toyoki

AU - Oyama, Jun Ichi

AU - Higuchi, Yoshihiro

AU - Mimori, Koshi

PY - 2009/12/1

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N2 - This study was conducted to examine telomere biology in terms of improving insulin sensitivity in a type 2 diabetic animal model: Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats. To improve insulin sensitivity, pioglitazone (PG; 10 mg•kg-1•day-1) was administrated to OLETF rats from 20 to 40 wk of age, and the effects of treatment were compared with those in untreated OLETF or control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka fatty rats. At the end of the study, the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance significantly increased in OLETF rats but decreased in OLETF rats treated with PG. No shortening of telomere length was observed in the heart tissue of OLETF rats, whereas telomerase activity was decreased in OLETF heart tissue. The mRNA expression of both telomerase reverse transcriptase and telomere repeat binding factor 2 was downregulated in the hearts of OLETF rats. The protein expression of phospho-Akt, insulin-like growth factor, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase was reduced in OLETF rats. On the other hand, myocardial matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression was elevated in OLETF rats. The changes observed in OLETF rats were inhibited by PG treatment. However, protein and mRNA expression of Sirt1, a lifespan modulator, were attenuated in OLETF rat hearts, although they were enhanced in OLETF rats with PG treatement. Myocardial fibrosis was less extensive and diastolic dysfunction more greatly ameliorated in PG-treated OLETF rats than in OLETF rats. These findings suggest that improving insulin sensitivity via the activation of peroxisom proliferator-activated receptor-γ may exert regulatory effects on cardiac telomere biology and may have desirable morphological and functional effects on the diabetic heart.

AB - This study was conducted to examine telomere biology in terms of improving insulin sensitivity in a type 2 diabetic animal model: Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats. To improve insulin sensitivity, pioglitazone (PG; 10 mg•kg-1•day-1) was administrated to OLETF rats from 20 to 40 wk of age, and the effects of treatment were compared with those in untreated OLETF or control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka fatty rats. At the end of the study, the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance significantly increased in OLETF rats but decreased in OLETF rats treated with PG. No shortening of telomere length was observed in the heart tissue of OLETF rats, whereas telomerase activity was decreased in OLETF heart tissue. The mRNA expression of both telomerase reverse transcriptase and telomere repeat binding factor 2 was downregulated in the hearts of OLETF rats. The protein expression of phospho-Akt, insulin-like growth factor, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase was reduced in OLETF rats. On the other hand, myocardial matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression was elevated in OLETF rats. The changes observed in OLETF rats were inhibited by PG treatment. However, protein and mRNA expression of Sirt1, a lifespan modulator, were attenuated in OLETF rat hearts, although they were enhanced in OLETF rats with PG treatement. Myocardial fibrosis was less extensive and diastolic dysfunction more greatly ameliorated in PG-treated OLETF rats than in OLETF rats. These findings suggest that improving insulin sensitivity via the activation of peroxisom proliferator-activated receptor-γ may exert regulatory effects on cardiac telomere biology and may have desirable morphological and functional effects on the diabetic heart.

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