Surfactant is routinely injected after waterflooding where substantial amount of oil trapped within the formation porous media. Surfactant, as one of the promising chemical enhanced oil recovery (CEOR), aims at lowering the interfacial tension (IFT) between the formation fluids. However, during the production, the technique was challenge by surfactant loss due to the adsorption of surfactant onto native rock surface. Surfactant adsorption has been proved to be reversible, provided that a foreign material is introduced in the extended water process, which increases thereby the production cost. In this study rather, we investigated the desorption and subsequently the rate of reversibility by alteration of process water, during initial and extended stages. Using sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) as surfactant and Berea sandstone as adsorbent, we showed that the adsorption increased with salinity gradient, while desorption exhibited a reverse trend. Reducing water salinity from 3 (or 5 wt.%) to 1 wt.% NaCl, up to twofold of surfactant desorption was enhanced. This increment is owing to a better solubility in a less saline medium water and electrostatic repulsion. We extended the analysis to oil recovery, herein performed by spontaneous imbibition tests, using a light dead crude oil (API 31.06°). The results revealed an increase in oil recovery up to 4.6% of initial oil-in-place (IOIP) during extended water process by salinity alteration. The production was found subsequent to a decrease of about 82% in IFT .Furthermore, microscopic analysis of the sandstone surface after salinity alteration revealed that the increment in oil recovery was inherent to a reduction in pore blockage.
|Title of host publication||ASEG Extended Abstracts|
|Subtitle of host publication||AEGC 2019: From Data to Discovery – Perth, Australia|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2019|