Through using in-situ electron back-scattered diffraction and uniaxial tensile tests, this work mainly focuses on the deformation behavior of retained austenite (RA) in a low-carbon quenching and partitioning (Q&P) steel. In this paper, three different types of RA can be distinguished from different locations, respectively, RA grains at the triple edges, twinned austenite and RA grains positioned between martensite. The results have shown that grains at the triple edges and twinned austenite could transform easily with increasing strain, i.e. are less stable when compared with RA grains distributed between martensite that could resist a larger plastic deformation. Meanwhile, the strain leads to rotations of RA grains distributed at the triple edges and between martensite. Moreover, RA grains with a similar orientation undergone similar rotations with the same true strain. These RA grains rotated along a specific slip plane and slip direction and the grain rotation is taken as a significant factor to improve the ductility of steel. In addition, grain sizes of RA decreased gradually with an increase of true strain and smaller (0–0.2 μm) grains were more capable of resisting the deformation. According to kernel average misorientation (KAM) analysis, it can be found that strain distribution is preferentially localized near martensite–austenite phase boundaries and in the interior of martensite. The average KAM values increased continuously with increasing true strain.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering