The electric potential distribution within a commercial multilayer ceramic capacitor under an applied voltage was determined by electron holography. We demonstrated that equipotential contour lines present essential information about the electrical conductivity of submicrometer-scale precipitates formed in commercial BaTiO3 multilayer ceramic capacitors. Considerable changes observed in the equipotential contour map of precipitates could be explained by simulations taking into account the electrical conductivities of the precipitates and BaTiO3 matrix. This method can lead to a deeper understanding of the relationship between the complex microstructure and the material functionalities in capacitors widely used in industry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering