A novel 2D layered NbTiC solid-solution MXene was synthesized from its MAX phase via a wet chemical etching process. While ball milling the NbTiC MXene with MgH2, ultrafine bimetal NbTi nanocrystals were formed in situ with a grain size of 5 nm, which offer highly stable catalytic activity for the hydrogen storage reaction of MgH2. The MgH2-9 wt% NbTiC sample starts releasing hydrogen from 195 °C, which is 80 °C lower than that for the additive-free sample. At 250 °C, it releases approximately 5.8 wt% H2 within 30 min, and the fully dehydrogenated sample takes up 4.0 wt% H2 within 15 min even at 50 °C under 50 bar H2 pressure. DFT calculations reveal a charge transfer process from Ti atoms to Nb atoms in the NbTi cluster and a lower absolute value of the adsorption energy of H2 on NbTi. This would presumably benefit both the breakage of Mg-H bonding and the detachment of H2 from the NbTi surface, and consequently lead to good catalytic activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)