The aim of this study was to develop in situ gellable hydrogels composed of periodate oxidized citrus pectin (OP) for localized anticancer drug delivery and evaluate the potential of OP to inhibit cancer metastasis. Doxorubicin (Dox) was coupled to OP by imine bonds. Adipic dihydrazide (ADH) was used for cross-linking of the Dox-OP conjugates. The Dox-OP conjugate solution gelled within 2 min after addition of ADH. The release rate of Dox from the hydrogels was controllable by an additive amount of ADH. The released Dox retained anticancer activity. OP was shown to have a potency to prevent homotypic cancer cell aggregation compared to unmodified citrus pectin, strongly suggesting that OP released from hydrogels in vivo will inhibit cancer metastasis. These results indicate that OP hydrogels have the potential to prevent progression of primary cancer by the released Dox and generation of metastatic cancer by the released OP.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry