The lateral crystallization of amorphous silicon thin films induced by nickel was studied in detail, performing in situ annealing experiments with a transmission electron microscope. The nickel-induced crystallization starts with the fast growth of thin needle-like crystallites of  orientation, which advance along the 〈111〉 directions within the film plane. The fast growth rate and the small probability of the crystallite exhibiting the  orientation result in large crystalline grains. These grains are, however, composed of many small misorientated subgrains. It is thought that this is because the needle-like crystallite does not grow continuously but grows by successive jumps. Our model is that after the nickel disilicide precipitate grows a thin crystalline slice epitaxially at the leading edge of the needle-like crystallite, the nickel moves to the new leading edge and forms the new nickel disilicide precipitates to maintain the needle-like crystalline growth.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)