In situ XRD for pseudo Laves phases hydrides highlighting the remained cubic structure

C. Stan, K. Asano, K. Sakaki, E. Akiba, S. Couillaud, J. L. Bobet

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Abstract

The hydrogenation behaviour of the Gd0.5Y0.5Ni3.75Al0.25Mg compound was studied by in situ X-ray diffraction under hydrogen pressure and at room temperature. The presence of gadolinium induce an exchange between the 4a (occupied by RE) and 4c sites (occupied by Mg). Nevertheless, only the Gd atoms are mixed by Mg atoms and no occurrence of Y/Mg mixing can be observed. The exchange is then directly correlated with the 4f electrons. Moreover, in the compounds without Gd (i.e. YNi3.75Al0.25Mg) no exchange was observed. The structure of the metal hydrides was carefully investigated by refining the in situ XRD patterns obtained under various H2 pressures. It was concluded that the structure remains cubic during the sorption process with an increase of the cell volume close to 13%, in agreement with the maximum sorption capacity (i.e. 3H/formula unit). No variation of the exchange rate between the hydride and the initial intermetallic can be highlighted. The changes of both the crystallite size and lattice strains during the sorption process (i.e. along the PC isotherms) indicated that a decrease of the crystallinity is observed but no HIA process occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3038-3043
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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