In situ Zn/ZnO mapping elucidating for "shape change" of zinc electrode

Akiyoshi Nakata, Hajime Arai, Haruno Murayama, Katsutoshi Fukuda, Tomokazu Yamane, Toshiro Hirai, Yoshiharu Uchimoto, Jun Ichi Yamaki, Zempachi Ogumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the use of the zinc anode in secondary batteries, it is necessary to solve the "shape change" deterioration issue in that zinc species agglomerate in the center of the electrode to fade the available capacity. The local chemical compositions of the zinc electrodes during "shape change" were precisely analyzed using the synchrotron X-ray diffraction mapping analysis of practical zinc-nickel cells in a non-destructive manner. The in situ Zn/ZnO mapping shows that metallic Zn deposition chiefly occurs in the periphery of ZnO while ZnO are left in the center of electrode like a hill on charging. On discharging, the ZnO hill grows to the perpendicular direction on the electrode while metallic zinc is oxidized and dissolved. These findings allow us to propose a mechanism for the shape change; thus dissolved zincate species are decomposed on the ZnO hill during discharging to be accumulated in the center of the electrode. It is suggested that suppressing zincate dissolution and non-uniform zinc deposition slow the growth rate of the ZnO hill to enhance the cyclability of zinc-based secondary batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number047703
JournalAPL Materials
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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