A new approach is presented to prepare a rutile layer on titanium substrates. According to this approach, pulverized glass, composed of 3CaO·4B2O3·3TiO2, is first developed on the substrate, heated up to 700 to 850°C, and then removed by soaking in hot water. During the heating process, rutile grew at the glass coating-substrate interface to form nano-sized crystallites. The rutile layer induced apatite formation within 3 d when soaked in simulated body fluid of the Kokubo recipe. Such in vitro bioactivity was attributed to many Ti-OH groups on the crystallite surface derived from hydrolysis of bonds at the crystallite-flux (matrix) interface like (rutile) -Ti-O-B or Ti-O-Ca-(the borate matrix).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry