The current method for in vitro immunization (IVI) uses several antigens including toxins, food allergens, pathogenic bacteria, and self-antigen-derived peptides that induce an antigen-specific immune response in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). This protocol, however, requires donor blood collection and preparation of PBMCs before every IVI. In the present study, we aimed to design a more efficient system utilizing B cells immortalized with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV-B) as host cells for IVI to make antigen-specific antibodies. Results showed that previously antigen-sensitized, EBV-B cells exposed to the antigen along with IL-6, CpG oligonucleotides, and CD40 ligand signal produced antigen-specific antibodies. These results provide evidence for a novel and easy method to expand memory-type B cells and produce antigen-specific antibodies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology