Conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) present α-galactosylceramide (αGC) to invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells through CD1d. Among cDC subsets, CD8+ DCs efficiently induce IFN-γ production in iNKT cells. Using fluorescence-labeled αGC, we showed that CD8+ DCs incorporated larger amounts of αGC and kept it intact longer than CD8- DCs. Histological analyses revealed that Langerin+CD8+ DCs in the splenic marginal zone, which was the unique equipment to capture blood-borne antigens, preferably incorporated αGC, and the depletion of Langerin+ cells decreased IFN-γ and IL-12 production in response to αGC. Furthermore, splenic Langerin+CD8+ DCs expressed more membrane-bound CXCL16, which possibly anchored iNKT cells in the marginal zone, than CD8- DCs. Collectively, it is suggested that the cellular properties and localization of CD8+ DCs are important for stimulation of iNKT cells by αGC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy