Various chymotrypsin inhibitors occur in the hemolymph of silkworm larvae. Interaction of chymotrypsin inhibitor b1 (CI-b1) with Escherichia coli was examined from the viewpoint of action against invading bacteria. Injection of dead E. coli cells into larva reduced the CI-b1 content of the hemolymph, suggesting in vivo binding of CI-b1 to the outer membrane of the cell. Results from incubation of E. coli in cell-free hemolymph in the presence or absence of lipopolysaccharide indicated that CI-b1 is the only CI bound to E. coli and that it interacts with lipopolysaccharide. CI-b1 formed a complex with lipopolysaccharide in vitro; the value of the dissociation constant was relatively large. Inhibitory activity of CI-b1 changed insignificantly in mixture with lipopolysaccharide. CI-b1 affected the growth of E. coli but never worked lethally. CI-b1 is speculated to be a mediator that scavenges intruding bacteria rather than a direct anti-bacterial factor. This is the first report confirming that CI-b1 is a lipopolysaccharide binding protein.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry