In vivo evaluation of a novel chitosan/HAP composite biomaterial as a carrier of rhBMP-2

Haruhiko Kashiwazaki, Keisuke Yamaguchi, Naoki Harada, Toshiyuki Akazawa, Masaru Murata, Tadashi Iizuka, Toshiyuki Ikoma, Junzo Tanaka, Nobuo Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed a porous chitosan/ hydroxyapatite (HAp) composite, in which the HAp nanocrystals align along the chitosan molecules, and examined the biocompatibility, osteoinductive activity, and the ability to act as a carrier of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) of this novel biomaterial. The composite was subcutaneously implanted into the backs of 11-week-old SD rats, with or without rhBMP-2 (5 μg). At 2 and 8 weeks after the implantation, the composite was explanted for morphohistological evaluation. In the presence of rhBMP-2, ectopic bone formation was found at 2 weeks and maturation of the newly formed bone around the composite at 8 weeks. Chitosan/HAp composite alone caused little inflammation, and new blood vessel growth and multinucleated giant cells were found around the composite, accompanied with roughening of the surface due to degradation at 2 weeks; however, neither cartilage nor bone formation was found around the composite. With rhBMP-2, the bioabsorption of the composite was accelerated as the rhBMP-2-induced bone matured. Histomorphometrical analysis showed that the mean value of the composite areas with rhBMP-2 was significantly smaller than that without rhBMT-2 at 2 and 8 weeks after the implantation. These results suggested that the novel chitosan/ HAp composite was an effective bioabsorbable material as a carrier of rhBMP-2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hard Tissue Biology
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology

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