Background: There is an interest in quantifying dynamic hip kinematics before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA) during chair-rising: one of daily life activities. Methods: The study consisted of 21 patients who underwent unilateral total hip arthroplasty for symptomatic osteoarthritis. We obtained continuous radiographs using a flat-panel X-ray detector while the participants rose from chair. We assessed the pre and postoperative hip joint's movements using three-dimensional-to-two-dimensional model-to-image registration techniques. We also measured minimum liner-to-neck distances at maximum hip flexion and extension as anterior and posterior liner-to-neck distances, respectively. Multivariate analyses were applied to determine which factors were associated with liner-to-neck distances. Results: The cup inclination, cup anteversion, and stem anteversion averaged 37.4°, 23.1°, and 30.1°, respectively. Significantly larger maximum hip flexion angle (72°) was found during chair-rising after THA compared to that before THA (63°, P < 0.01). The anterior pelvic tilt at the maximum hip flexion after THA (3° of anterior tilt) was significantly (P < 0.05) anterior compared to that before THA (1° of posterior tilt). The anterior and posterior liner-to-neck distances averaged 12.3 mm and 8.1 mm, respectively, with a significant difference (P < 0.01). No liner-to-neck contact was found in any hips. In multivariate analysis, the hip flexion angle, cup inclination, stem anteversion and head diameter were significantly associated with the anterior liner-to-neck distance (P < 0.05), the hip extension angle, cup anteversion, neck length and with or without elevated rim were significantly associated with the posterior liner-to-neck distance (P < 0.05, 0.01, 0.05, 0.01, respectively). Conclusion: This study indicates that well-positioned THA provide increased range of hip flexion with sufficient anterior liner-to-neck clearance during chair-rising. Dynamic hip kinematics, component position, and hardware variables significantly influenced on the liner-to-neck clearance under weight-bearing conditions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine