The incorporation of stable isotopes in suspension cultured cells is very simple and useful as a preliminary experimental method in the experimental scene of plant metabolomics to elucidate the metabolic profiles of mutants and transformants. Stable isotope methods would afford a dynamic explanation of turnover speed that would concern the metabolic flux. Utilization of suspension cultured cells allows genes to be easily induced or suppressed, culture conditions to be controlled, and samples to be easily prepared. Stable isotope tracing allows an index of metabolic flux to be obtained. Here we present an experiment feeding 15N-labeled inorganic salts to Arabidopsis (cell line T87) and Coptis cultured cells. Results of a comparison of 15N labeling ratios of amino acids derived from T87 cells cultured under light with those cultured in the dark corresponded to transcriptional expressions revealed by microarray experiments published previously, demonstrating the validity of this procedure. Furthermore, 15N labeling ratios of Coptis cultured cells revealed arginine and lysine metabolism inhibition, which should result in inhibition of polyamine biosynthesis and cell division. This very simple experiment allowed us to uncover metabolic dynamic features of the plant cell. Therefore this method is very useful for forming working hypotheses and experimental design.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes