Glucoamylase, acid protease, and acid carboxypeptidase in namazake were inactivated with microbubble supercritical carbon dioxide (SC CO2) at 25 MPa, 35°C for 30min. After the treatment, their activities decreased from 330, 20.1, and 115U/ml sake to 51.8, 1.8, and 0 U/ml sake, respectively. During the storage at 20°C for 60 days, no increase in amino acid value was observed. On the other hand, glucose concentration in the sake treated with SC CO2 increased as well as namazake. The formation of lactic acid, acetic acid, and ethanol were depressed, and acidity was constant during storage. On the contrary, the decrease of pyruvic and malic acid after 20 days of storage could be depressed. Analysis of volatile compounds suggests that the treatment with SC CO2 did not cause the formation of volatile compounds in contrast to heat-treatment. As a result of sensory evaluation, the sake treated with SC CO2 at 20 MPa, 35°C for 30 min was given sensory scores near to those of namazake.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry