Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is inactivated through dephosphorylation of tyrosyl and threonyl regulatory sites. In yeast, both dual-specificity and tyrosine-specific phosphatases are involved in dephosphorylation. In mammals, however, no tyrosine-specific phosphatase has been identified molecularly to dephosphorylate MAPK in vivo. Recently, we and others have cloned a murine tyrosine-specific phosphatase, PTPBR7/PTP-SL, which is expressed predominantly in the brain. Here we report inactivation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) family MAPK by PTPBR7. PTPBR7 made complexes with ERK1/ERK2 in vivo and dephosphorylated ERK1 in vitro. When overexpressed in mammalian cells, wild-type PTPBR7 suppressed the phosphorylation and activation of ERK by epidermal growth factor (EGF), nerve growth factor (NGF), and constitutively active MEK1, a mutant MAPK kinase. In contrast, catalytically inactive and ERK-binding-defficient mutants revealed little inhibition on the ERK cascade. These results indicate that PTPBR7 suppresses MAPK directly in vivo.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 5 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology