Incidence and risk factors of chronic subdural hematoma after aneurysmal clipping

Takayuki Ohno, Koji Iihara, Jun C. Takahashi, Norio Nakajima, Tetsu Satow, Tomohito Hishikawa, Izumi Nagata, Kazuo Yamada, Susumu Miyamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) after aneurysmal clipping is a rare complication, but its incidence and risk factors are not known in detail. We retrospectively reviewed our cases requiring surgery for CSDH after clipping. Methods: In our hospital, between January 2000 and December 2006, 794 patients (unruptured, 58.0%) underwent clipping surgery for aneurysm of the anterior circulation. We reviewed incidence and risk factors of CSDH after clipping. For the past 2 years, we reviewed all computed tomography scans for 163 unruptured aneurysms, and examined the relationship between an increase of subdural fluid collection (SFC) and development of CSDH. Results: Fifteen patients (1.9%) developed CSDH after clipping, which required evacuation. Among those, 13 had unruptured aneurysms (2.8%), a much higher percentage than for ruptured aneurysms (0.9%). On univariate statistical analysis, risk factors of CSDH were associated with advanced age (P = 0.0005), male gender (P = 0.04), and unruptured aneurysms (P = 0.02). Aneurysmal location was not related to the development of postoperative CSDH. Contralateral CSDH occurred in 3 patients, but no middle cerebral artery aneurysm developed contralateral CSDH. An increase in postoperative SFC during 1 week was a significant risk factor for CSDH (P = 0.001). Conclusions: In addition to the classic risk factors, this study showed that clipping for unruptured aneurysms carries a higher risk for CSDH compared to ruptured aneurysms. We suggest that an increase of SFC during 1 week postoperatively can be a factor in predicting CSDH after clipping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534-537
Number of pages4
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume80
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Ohno, T., Iihara, K., Takahashi, J. C., Nakajima, N., Satow, T., Hishikawa, T., Nagata, I., Yamada, K., & Miyamoto, S. (2013). Incidence and risk factors of chronic subdural hematoma after aneurysmal clipping. World Neurosurgery, 80(5), 534-537. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2012.09.025