Incidence of latent depression associated with diabetic retinopathy and utility of SRQ-D in diagnosis

Shuji Sasaki, Noemi Eleonor Tsuru, Toyoshi Inoguchi, Mieko Nakayama, Hirotaka Tsubouchi, Naoichi Sato, Toshiyo Sonta, Noriyuki Sonoda, Naotaka Sekiguchi, Kunihisa Kobayashi, Hajime Nawata, Hidekatsu Sugimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the incidence of latent depression in diabetic patients and to evaluate the relationship between the depression and various diabetes variables. Methods: Two questionnaire tools, the self-rating questionnaire for depression (SRQ-D) and the miniinternational neuropsychiatric interview (MINI), were used to screen for latent depression in 529 diabetic outpatients without a history of depression. Their mean age was 62.2 years and the mean HbAic value was 7.3%. The incidence of diabetic retinopathy was 39%, of neuropathy was 31%, and of nephropathy was 33%. Results: Using the SRQ-D, the incidence of "depression" was 5.7% and that of "borderline depression" was 10.4%. Using the MINI, the incidence of "major depression" was 5.3% and that of "minor depression" was 7.0%. Whereas a finding of "depression" on the SRQ-D was not related to either sex or HbA1c value, the incidence of "depression" was significantly higher in patients with diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. A finding of "major depression" on the MINI showed similar relationships. Conclusions: The results in our study indicate that the incidence of latent depression was closely related to the presence of diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy, and the SRQ-D may be useful for diagnosis of latent depression in diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-405
Number of pages5
JournalFolia Ophthalmologica Japonica
Volume56
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2005

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Diabetic Retinopathy
Incidence
Diabetic Neuropathies
Interviews
Cohort Studies
Outpatients
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Sasaki, S., Tsuru, N. E., Inoguchi, T., Nakayama, M., Tsubouchi, H., Sato, N., ... Sugimoto, H. (2005). Incidence of latent depression associated with diabetic retinopathy and utility of SRQ-D in diagnosis. Folia Ophthalmologica Japonica, 56(6), 401-405.

Incidence of latent depression associated with diabetic retinopathy and utility of SRQ-D in diagnosis. / Sasaki, Shuji; Tsuru, Noemi Eleonor; Inoguchi, Toyoshi; Nakayama, Mieko; Tsubouchi, Hirotaka; Sato, Naoichi; Sonta, Toshiyo; Sonoda, Noriyuki; Sekiguchi, Naotaka; Kobayashi, Kunihisa; Nawata, Hajime; Sugimoto, Hidekatsu.

In: Folia Ophthalmologica Japonica, Vol. 56, No. 6, 01.06.2005, p. 401-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sasaki, S, Tsuru, NE, Inoguchi, T, Nakayama, M, Tsubouchi, H, Sato, N, Sonta, T, Sonoda, N, Sekiguchi, N, Kobayashi, K, Nawata, H & Sugimoto, H 2005, 'Incidence of latent depression associated with diabetic retinopathy and utility of SRQ-D in diagnosis', Folia Ophthalmologica Japonica, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 401-405.
Sasaki, Shuji ; Tsuru, Noemi Eleonor ; Inoguchi, Toyoshi ; Nakayama, Mieko ; Tsubouchi, Hirotaka ; Sato, Naoichi ; Sonta, Toshiyo ; Sonoda, Noriyuki ; Sekiguchi, Naotaka ; Kobayashi, Kunihisa ; Nawata, Hajime ; Sugimoto, Hidekatsu. / Incidence of latent depression associated with diabetic retinopathy and utility of SRQ-D in diagnosis. In: Folia Ophthalmologica Japonica. 2005 ; Vol. 56, No. 6. pp. 401-405.
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AU - Inoguchi, Toyoshi

AU - Nakayama, Mieko

AU - Tsubouchi, Hirotaka

AU - Sato, Naoichi

AU - Sonta, Toshiyo

AU - Sonoda, Noriyuki

AU - Sekiguchi, Naotaka

AU - Kobayashi, Kunihisa

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AB - Purpose: To investigate the incidence of latent depression in diabetic patients and to evaluate the relationship between the depression and various diabetes variables. Methods: Two questionnaire tools, the self-rating questionnaire for depression (SRQ-D) and the miniinternational neuropsychiatric interview (MINI), were used to screen for latent depression in 529 diabetic outpatients without a history of depression. Their mean age was 62.2 years and the mean HbAic value was 7.3%. The incidence of diabetic retinopathy was 39%, of neuropathy was 31%, and of nephropathy was 33%. Results: Using the SRQ-D, the incidence of "depression" was 5.7% and that of "borderline depression" was 10.4%. Using the MINI, the incidence of "major depression" was 5.3% and that of "minor depression" was 7.0%. Whereas a finding of "depression" on the SRQ-D was not related to either sex or HbA1c value, the incidence of "depression" was significantly higher in patients with diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. A finding of "major depression" on the MINI showed similar relationships. Conclusions: The results in our study indicate that the incidence of latent depression was closely related to the presence of diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy, and the SRQ-D may be useful for diagnosis of latent depression in diabetic patients.

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