Incident neutron spectra on the first wall and their application to energetic ion diagnostics in beam-injected deuterium-tritium tokamak plasmas

S. Sugiyama, Hideaki Matsuura, D. Uchiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A diagnostic method for small non-Maxwellian tails in fuel-ion velocity distribution functions is proposed; this method uses the anisotropy of neutron emissions, and it is based on the numerical analysis of the incident fast neutron spectrum on the first wall of a fusion device. Neutron energy spectra are investigated for each incident position along the first wall and each angle of incidence assuming an ITER-like deuterium-tritium plasma; it is heated by tangential-neutral-beam injection. Evaluating the incident neutron spectra at all wall positions and angles of incidence enables the selective measurement of non-Gaussian components in the neutron emission spectrum for energetic ion diagnostics; in addition, the optimal detector position and orientation can be determined. At the optimal detector position and orientation, the ratio of non-Gaussian components to the Gaussian peak can be two orders of magnitude greater than the ratio in the neutron emission spectrum. This result can improve the accuracy of energetic ion diagnostics in plasmas when small, anisotropic non-Maxwellian tails are formed in fuel ion velocity distribution functions. We focus on the non-Gaussian components greater than 14 MeV, where the effect of the background noise (i.e., slowing-down neutrons by scattering throughout the machine structure) can be ignored.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092517
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

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neutron spectra
tritium
deuterium
neutron emission
ions
emission spectra
velocity distribution
incidence
distribution functions
beam injection
detectors
neutral beams
background noise
fast neutrons
numerical analysis
energy spectra
fusion
neutrons
anisotropy
scattering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Incident neutron spectra on the first wall and their application to energetic ion diagnostics in beam-injected deuterium-tritium tokamak plasmas. / Sugiyama, S.; Matsuura, Hideaki; Uchiyama, D.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, No. 9, 092517, 01.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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