Dendritic cells (DCs) generated from monocytes under 20% O 2 are now used as therapeutic tools for cancer patients. However, the O 2 concentration is between 3 and 0.5% in most tissues. We evaluated these complicated functions of DCs under oxygen tensions mimicking in vivo situations. Immature DCs (imDCs) were generated from monocytes using IL-4 and GM-CSF under normoxia (20% O 2; N-imDCs) or hypoxia (1% O 2; H-imDCs). Mature DCs (mDCs) were induced with LPS. DCs were further exposed to normoxia (N/N-DCs) or hypoxia (N/H-DCs and H/H-DCs) conditions. Using a 2-D culture system, H-DCs were smaller in size than N-DCs, and H/HDCs exhibited higher allo-T cell stimulation ability than N/N-DCs and N/H-DCs. On the other hand, motility and phagocytic ability of H/H-DCs were significantly lower than those of N/H-DCs and N/N-DCs. In a 3-D culture system, however, maturation of H/H-imDCs and N/H-im- DCs was suppressed compared with N/N-imDCs as a result of their decreased motility and phagocytosis. Interestingly, silencing of HIF-1α by RNA interference decreased CD83 expression without affecting any antigen presentation abilities except for the ability to stimulate the allo-T cell population. Our data could help our understanding of DCs, especially therapeutic DCs, in vivo.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Cancer Research