Incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations of natural convection flow resulting from embedded Y-fin inside Y-shaped enclosure filled with a nanofluid

Zehba Raizah, Mitsuteru Asai, Abdelraheem M. Aly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to apply the incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method to simulate the natural convection flow from an inner heated Y-fin inside Y-shaped enclosure filled with nanofluid. Design/methodology/approach: The dimensionless governing partial differential equations are described in the Lagrangian form and solved by an implicit scheme of the ISPH method. The embedded Y-fin is kept at a high temperature Th with variable heights during the simulations. The lower area of Y-shaped enclosure is squared with width L = 1 m and its side-walls are kept at a low temperature Tc. The upper area of the Y-shaped enclosure is V-shaped with width 0.5 L for each side and its walls are adiabatic. Findings: The performed simulations revealed that the height of the inner heated Y-fin plays an important role in the heat transfer and fluid flow inside the Y-shaped enclosure, where it enhances the heat transfer. Rayleigh number augments the buoyancy force inside the Y-shaped enclosure and, consequently, it has a strong impact on temperature distributions and strength of the fluid flow inside Y-shaped enclosure. Adding more concentration of the nanofluid until 10% has a slight effect on the temperature distributions and it reduces the strength of the fluid flow inside Y-shaped enclosure. In addition, the average Nusselt number is measured along the inner heated Y-fin and it grows as the Rayleigh number increases. The average Nusselt number is decreasing by adding more concentrations of the nanofluid. Originality/value: An improved ISPH method is used to simulate the natural convection flow of Y-fin embedded in the Y-shaped enclosure filled with a nanofluid.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this