Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) releases Ca2+ from the non-mitochondrial Ca2+ store site of various types of cells. To study the mechanisms of the Ca2+ release from the store site, the effect of InsP3 on the passive Ca2+ release and influx, and the active Ca2+ uptake in the presence of oxalate, was examined using saponintreated Guinea pig peritoneal macrophages. InsP3 stimulated the passive Ca2+ release and influx. Although InsP3 slightly inhibited the active Ca2+ uptake in the presence of oxalate, it seems unlikely that the Ca2+ release by this agent is caused by the inhibition of the Ca2+ uptake, because the addition of apyrase or hexokinase (which removes ATP within 30 s, so that no more Ca2+ can be accumulated) or vanadate (which inhibits the Ca2+ uptake) resulted in very slow release of Ca2+. These results suggest that the Ca2+ permeability of the Ca2+ store membrane is increased by InsP3. InsP3 did not cause an increase in the Ca2+ permeability of phospholipid vesicles (liposomes), indicating that this agent may bring about Ca2+ release by a specific effect on the physiologically relevant Ca2+ channels or carriers in the non-mitochondrial Ca2+ store site. The passive Ca2+ release by InsP3 was enhanced by ATP and an unhydrolyzable ATP analogue, 5'-adenylyimidodiphosphate, but not by ADP or AMP. The passive Ca2+ release by InsP3 was observed even at 0°C.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1985|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology