This study was undertaken to reveal the role of NAD(P)H oxidase in increased oxidative stress in islets of Type 2 diabetes. Immunostaining analysis showed that staining intensities of NAD(P)H oxidase components, gp91phox and p22phox, significantly increased in islets of animal models of Type 2 diabetes, OLETF rats (60 weeks of age) and db/db mice (14 weeks of age), compared with age-matched controls, respectively, correlating with increased levels of oxidative stress marker, 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine or 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal modified protein. In db/db mice, oral administration of angiotensin II Type 1 receptor antagonist valsartan (5 mg/kg) for 4 weeks significantly attenuated the increased expression of gp91phox and p22phox together with inhibition of oxidative stress and partially restored decreased insulin contents in islets. Angiotensin II-related increased expression of NAD(P)H oxidase may play an important role in increased oxidative stress in islets of Type 2 diabetes. This mechanism may be a novel therapeutic target for preventing β-cell damage.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 15 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology