Type 2 diabetes adversely affects the outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), which is associated with the development of left ventricular (LV) failure. NAD(P)H oxidase-derived superoxide (O2-) production is increased in type 2 diabetes. However, its pathophysiological significance in advanced post-MI LV failure associated with type 2 diabetes remains unestablished. We thus hypothesized that an inhibitor of NAD(P)H oxidase activation, apocynin, could attenuate the exacerbated LV failure after MI in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice with type 2 diabetes. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed on either HFD or normal diet (ND) for 8 wk. At 4 wk of feeding, MI was created in mice by ligating the left coronary artery. HFD-fed MI mice were treated with either 10 mmol/l apocynin or vehicle. HFD + MI had significantly greater LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD; 5.7 ± 0.1 vs. 5.3 ± 0.2 mm), end-diastolic pressure (12 ± 2 vs. 8 ± 1 mmHg), and lung weight/tibial length (10.1 ± 0.3 vs. 8.7 ± 0.7 mg/mm) than ND + MI, which was accompanied by an increased interstitial fibrosis of non-infarcted LV. Treatment of HFD + MI with apocynin significantly decreased LVEDD (5.4 ± 0.1 mm), LV end-diastolic pressure (9.7 ± 0.8 mmHg), lung weight/tibial length (9.0 ± 0.3 mg/mm), and concomitantly interstitial fibrosis of noninfarcted LV to the ND + MI level without affecting body weight, glucose metabolism, and infarct size. NAD(P)H oxidase activity and O 2- production were increased in noninfarcted LV tissues from HFD + MI, both of which were attenuated by apocynin to the ND + MI level. Type 2 diabetes was associated with the exacerbation of LV failure after MI via increasing NAD(P)H oxidase-derived O2-, which may be a novel important therapeutic target in advanced heart failure with diabetes.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)