Increased Pulmonary Arterial Compliance after Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty Predicts Exercise Tolerance Improvement in Inoperable CTEPH Patients with Lower Pulmonary Arterial Pressure

Shintaro Umemoto, Kohtaro Abe, Kazuya Hosokawa, Koshin Horimoto, Keita Saku, Takafumi Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Tsutsui

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Abstract

Background: Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) improved pulmonary arterial compliance (CPA) and exercise tolerance in patients with inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Objectives: To investigate whether CPA is a useful index to indicate exercise tolerance improvement by BPA in CTEPH patients. Methods: The correlation between changes in CPA and improvements in 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) by BPA was retrospectively analyzed in 70 patients (Analysis 1), and it was sequentially analyzed in 46 symptomatic patients who achieved mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP)<30mmHg (Analysis 2). Results: We enrolled 70 patients (female/male:57/13, mean age:59 years) who underwent a total of 352 BPA sessions which significantly increased CPA (1.5±0.8 vs. 3.0±1.0 mL/mmHg) and decreased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) (8.0 ± 3.9 vs. 3.6 ± 1.7 wood units). The correlation coefficient between improvement in 6MWD and changes in PVR and CPA were r=0.21 (p=0.09) and r=0.14 (p=0.26) (Analysis 1). In Analysis 2, those were r=0.32 (p=0.06) and r=0.38 (p=0.02), respectively. Conclusions: CPA can be a useful index to indicate the improvement in exercise tolerance by BPA in symptomatic patients with lower mPAP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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