Indirect Detection of Nitrogen Oxide Emission on Actual PFBC (Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion)

Tatsuro Harada, Yoshio Ogura, Rikiya Abe, Koji Sasatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A potential method for evaluating the concentration of gaseous nitrogen oxides in the exhaust gas from the pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) system was developed, and then its effectiveness was certified in a 71 MWe PFBC demonstration plant at Wakamatsu Work, Electric Power Development Co. The total amount of nitrogen oxides (NO, NO2 and N2O) in the exhaust gas was closely related with the N content in the coal used as a fuel and contained no thermal- and prompt-NOx (NO and NO2) originating from N2 in air, due to a low combustion temperature of around 1, 130 K in the PFBC system. The concentration of NOx and N2O was estimated as a function of the temperature and oxygen partial pressure in the exhaust gas, if burning coal was specified. By pseudo thermodynamic equilibrium over the fluidized bed under the successive supply of the slurry fuel and pressurized air, conversions of N in the fuel coal into NOx and N2O could be expressed by ASHTR-NOx and —N2O equations, respectively, based on the temperature measured by thermocouple and the oxygen partial pressure by a YSZ oxygen sensor The calculated NOx and N2O concentrations by the equations were well agreed with the measured values by commercially available instruments, demonstrating the potential use of this method for rapid and indirect monitoring of gaseous nitrogen oxides in the exhaust gas from the PFBC system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-599
Number of pages7
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Sensors and Micromachines
Volume120
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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