Induced apoptosis in melanocytes cancer cell and oxidation in biomolecules through deuterium oxide generated from atmospheric pressure non-thermal plasma jet

Naresh Kumar, Pankaj Attri, Dharmendra Kumar Yadav, Jinsung Choi, Eun Ha Choi, Han Sup Uhm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, atmospheric-pressure non-thermal plasma-jets (APPJ) are being for the cancer treatment. However, APPJ still has drawbacks such as efficiency and rise in temperature after treatment. So, in this work, a synergetic agent D2O vapour is attached to APPJ which not only increase the efficiency of plasma source against cancer treatment, but also controlled the temperature during the treatment.OD generated by the combination of D2O + N2 plasma helped in enhancing the efficiency of APPJ. We observed ODinduced apoptosis on melanocytes G361 cancer cells through DNA damage signalling cascade. Additionally, we observed that plasma induces ROS, which activated MAPK p38 and inhibits p42/p44 MAPK, leading to cancer cell death. We have also studied DNA oxidation by extracting DNA from treated cancer cell and then analysed the effects of OD/OH/D2O2/H2O2 on protein modification and oxidation. Additionally, we attempted molecular docking approaches to check the action of D2O2 on the apoptosis related genes. Further, we confirmed the formation of OD/OH simultaneously in the solution using optical emission spectroscopy. Moreover, the simultaneous generation of D2O2/H2O2 was detected by the use of confocal Raman spectroscopy and density measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7589
JournalScientific reports
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 23 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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