Inducing potency of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in human lymphoblastoid cells and mice by polychlorinated dibenzofuran congeners

J. Nagayama, C. Kiyohara, Y. Masuda, M. Kuratsune

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Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH)-inducing potency of eight polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) isomers, 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (HCB) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dixon (TCDD) in two inbred mouse strains (AHH responsive and nonresponsive mouse strains) and eight human lymphoblastoid cell lines (four males and four females) was investigated to evaluate their relative toxic potency. In AHH nonresponsive DBA mouse strain, only TCDD induced hepatic AHH activity at a dose of 30 μg/kg, while in AHH responsive C57 mouse strain, six PCDF isomers besides TCDD could enhance the enzyme activity significantly. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzofuran (2,3,7,8-TCDF), 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (1,2,3,7,8-PCDF) and 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (2,3,4,7,8-PCDF) showed the highest AHH inducing activity among the PCDF isomers tested. In contrast with the results obtained from the mouse experiments, in human lymphoblastoid cells, 2,3,7,8-PCDE, 1,2,3,4,6,7-hexachlorobenzofuran (1,2,3,4,6,7-HCDF) and 1,2,3,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran (1,2,3,4,7,8-HCDF) elicited the highest AHH induction and were as potent AHH inducers as TCDD. These observations suggest that toxicities of 2,3,4,7,8-PCDF, 1,2,3,4,6,7-HCDF and 1,2,3,4,7,8-HCDF in human may be comparable to that of TCDD. It was also observed that in both male and female human cell lines, the degree of AHH inducibilities of these compounds were roughly parallel to that of 3-methylcholanthrene, possibly indicating that genetic susceptibility among human population to the toxic compounds are also present similar to those reported among mouse strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Issue number59
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1985


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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