DEC1 (BHLHB2)/Stra13/Sharp2, a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor has been suggested to be involved in the control of proliferation and/or differentiation of several cells including nerve cells, fibroblast and chondrocytes. In the present study, we examined the effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH), dibutyryl cAMP (Bt2cAMP) and forskolin on the expression of DEC1 in various cells. In rabbit chondrocyte cultures, PTH or Bt2cAMP increased the DEC1 mRNA level within 1 h. Thereafter, the DEC1 mRNA level rapidly decreased to the basal level at 3 h, and increased at 6-24 h. In cultures of a mouse embryo prechondrogenic cell line ATDC5, PTH or forskolin, and activator of adenylate cyclase, also increased the DEC1 mRNA level within 1 h. Furthermore, in all evaluated cell lines of human fibroblasts, canine epithelial cells, human carcinoma, human glioblastoma and human melanoma, Bt2cAMP increased the DEC1 mRNA level within 1-3 h. Studies with actinomycin D and cycloheximide indicated that the enhancement of DEC1 mRNA by cAMP was not due to mRNA stabilization and did not require new protein synthesis. These findings suggest that DEC1 is a novel direct target for cAMP in wide types of cells, and that the bHLH protein is involved in the control of gene expression in cAMP-activated cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology