Induction of macrophage C-C chemokine expression by titanium alloy and bone cement particles

Y. Nakashima, D. H. Sun, M. C.D. Trindade, L. E. Chun, Y. Song, S. B. Goodman, D. J. Schurman, W. J. Maloney, R. L. Smith

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Abstract

Particulate wear debris is associated with periprosthetic inflammation and loosening in total joint arthroplasty. We tested the effects of titanium alloy (Ti-alloy) and PRIMA particles on monocyte/macrophage expression of the C-C chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), monocyte inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1α), and regulated upon activation normal T expressed and secreted protein (RANTES). Periprosthetic granulomatous tissue was analysed for expression of macrophage chemokines by immunohistochemistry. Chemokine expression in human monocytes/macrophages exposed to Ti-alloy and PRIMA particles in vitro was determined by RT-PCR, ELISA and monocyte migration. We observed MCP-1 and MIP-1α expression in all tissue samples from failed arthroplasties. Ti-alloy and PMMA particles increased expression of MCP-1 and MIP-1α in macrophages in vitro in a dose- and time-dependent manner whereas RANTES was not detected. mRNA signal levels for MCP-1 and MIP-1α were also observed in cells after exposure to particles. Monocyte migration was stimulated by culture medium collected from macrophages exposed to Ti-alloy and PMMA particles. Antibodies to MCP-1 and MIP-1α inhibited chemotactic activity of the culture medium samples. Release of C-C chemokines by macrophages in response to wear particles may contribute to chronic inflammation at the bone-implant interface in total joint arthroplasty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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    Nakashima, Y., Sun, D. H., Trindade, M. C. D., Chun, L. E., Song, Y., Goodman, S. B., Schurman, D. J., Maloney, W. J., & Smith, R. L. (1999). Induction of macrophage C-C chemokine expression by titanium alloy and bone cement particles. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B, 81(1), 155-162. https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.81B1.8884