We report here that a highly toxic coplanar polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PenCB) induces molecular chaperones, HSP70 and HSP90 in liver cytosol of rats. Male Wistar rats received PenCB in corn oil once at a dose of 25 mg/kg i.p. Pair-fed control groups were treated with the vehicle and given the amount of chow matched with that taken by the PenCB-treated animals, and free-fed controls were given the vehicle. The liver cytosolic HSP70 level in rats treated with PenCB was 5-fold higher than those in free-fed controls, though that for pair-fed controls was approximately 2-fold higher than that in free-fed controls. The liver cytosolic HSP90α and HSP90β levels were also higher in PenCB-treated rats than in both control groups, but the induction extent was lesser than that for HSP70. Inductive effect on the chaperones was examined with a single different dose of PenCB 0, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0, 10 and 25 mg/kg. Marked induction of the HSP70 level was observed with a minimum dose of PenCB 0.5 mg/kg. The HSP90α level was induced with PenCB-dose dependent manner although the HSP90β induction was greatest with a dose of PenCB 5.0 mg/kg. HSP70 and HSP90 are essential for cells under normal conditions and act as molecular chaperones. HSP90 is well known to modulate the function of sex steroid hormone or aromatic hydrocarbon receptors while HSP70 is required for receptor-HSP90 heterocomplex assembly. The role of molecular chaperones may be involved in the endocrine disrupting properties of coplanar PCB and dioxins.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Fukuoka Acta Medica|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
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