Inelastic strain in the hypocentral region of the 2000 Western Tottori earthquake (M 7.3) inferred from aftershock seismic moment tensors

Satoshi Matsumoto, Yoshihisa Iio, Shinichi Sakai, Aitaro Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Inelastic deformation due to seismic activity is an important signal that reflects fault evolution. In particular, aftershock sequences indicate the evolution of damage in a medium that has experienced a large earthquake. Herein, we discuss the inelastic strain rate surrounding the fault that produced the M 7.3 Western Tottori earthquake in 2000 using long-term aftershock analysis. To obtain high-resolution focal mechanisms 18 years after the earthquake occurrence, we conducted dense seismic observations in the focal area. The inelastic strain rate estimated from the aftershock seismic moment tensor data showed spatial variations within a range of 10−7–10−11 per year, 18 years after the main shock. By comparing the inelastic strain rates from immediately after the earthquake and 18 years later, we detected the increase in the spatial variations in the inelastic strain rate; the variations are as small as 102 (= 10−5/10−7) for the early stage but as large as 104 (= 10−7/10−11) for the later period. In addition, the decay of the rate during these two periods varied spatially from spatial bin to bin. Certain bins in the northern segment of the earthquake fault, southern edge of the fault, and surrounding the location of the preceding swarm activity to the M 7.3 event showed slower decay rates than the inverse of the lapse time since the occurrence of the M 7.3 earthquake. We modeled this decay rate change as the relaxation response of a power-law fluid to an elastic strain input from the large earthquake. Most parts of the fault can be explained by this model. However, the areas with low decay rates suggest the presence of a dragging mechanism, such as aseismic slip, at or around these locations. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number62
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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