Influence of alloying elements on the Hall-Petch coefficient in ferritic steel

Setsuo Takaki

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Yield strength of ferritic steel increases with grain refinement standing on the Hall-Petch relation. In low carbon ferritic steels, the following relation is established between yield strength σy and grain size d: σy [MPa]= 100+600/√d[μm]. The Hall-Petch coefficient of interstitial free steels is substantially small as 0.15MPa·√m but it can be greatly increased by the existence of small amount of solute carbon less than 60ppm. As for the effect of substitutional elements such as Cr and P, some papers reports fairly large influence to the Hall-Petch coefficient of ferritic iron. However, the effect of small amount of carbon is sometime neglected or not cleared on the evaluation of Hall-Petch coefficient in ferritic steels. In order to evaluate the effect of substitutional elements, the research should be performed using interstitial free steels to eliminate the influence of solute carbon and nitrogen. In this paper, Hall-Petch relation was examined in iron, Fe-Cr alloys and Fe-P alloys with 0.02-0.05mass% Ti and the following results were obtained: 1) The Hall-Petch coefficient of interstitial free iron is about 0. 15MPa·√m. 2) Chromium does not give any influence to the Hall-Petch coefficient of ferritic iron, although the friction stress σ0 is enhanced in proportional to chromium content (Δσ0 [MPa]=7×(mass%Cr)). 3) Phosphorus does not affect the Hall-Petch coefficient of ferritic iron or reduce it somewhat but increases markedly the friction stress σ0 (Δσ0 [MPa]=250×(mass%P)1/2). 4) Even under the co-existence of carbon with chromium and phosphorus, carbon dominantly works to increase the Hall-Petch coefficient of ferritic steels, but it is changeable due to the interaction between carbon and the other substitutional elements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTHERMEC 2011
    PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
    Pages181-185
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)9783037853030
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    Event7th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC'2011 - Quebec City, QC, Canada
    Duration: Aug 1 2011Aug 5 2011

    Publication series

    NameMaterials Science Forum
    Volume706-709
    ISSN (Print)0255-5476
    ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

    Other

    Other7th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC'2011
    CountryCanada
    CityQuebec City, QC
    Period8/1/118/5/11

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering

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