Polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) generally have external humidifiers to supply humidified hydrogen and oxidant gases. If a PEFC could be operated under very low humidity condition, external humidifiers may be removed, resulting in a very simplified PEFC system with increased total efficiency and reduced cost. The present study was carried out to clarify the influence of anode gas recirculation on the PEFC performance under no-humidification at the cathode. Increasing the flow rate of anode gas recirculation is effective to improve water transport from the anode gas to the membrane electrode assembly (MEA), enhancing the PEFC performance. Increasing humidity of the anode supplied gas is also effective to enhance the PEFC performance without an increase in concentration overpotential caused by flooding at high current densities. For the cathode GDL, it is important to maintain humidity and prevent drying-out of the MEA. A microporous layer (MPL) coated GDL is effective for enhancing the PEFC performance. For the anode GDL, it is important to increase water transport from the humidified anode gas to the MEA. The anode GDL without the MPL is effective for enhancing the PEFC performance.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering